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Glossary

annular eclipse

 
a solar eclipse in which a ring, or annulus, of the Sun?s photosphere remains visible
pollo 11  
the first manned spacecraft to land on the Moon
asteroid  
one of the thousands of tiny planets orbiting the Sun mostly
located between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter.
asteroid belt  
a wide gap between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter where
most asteroids can be found
astronomer   a scientist who studies objects in space
Astronomy  
the science that deals with the universe beyond Earth?s
atmosphere
axis  
an imaginary line around which an object spins
Bailey's Beads  
a chain of several bright “beads” of white light, visible
just before and just after a total solar eclipse
celestial  
pertaining to the sky; heavenly.
chromosphere  
a layer in the Sun and many other starts just above the
photosphere
comet   an object made of dust and frozen gases that orbits the
Sun.
corona   the faint, white light seen around the Sun during a solar
eclipse.
craters   bowl-shaped holes found on the Moon surface.
crecent   the figure of the Moon during its first and last quarter,
resembling a segment of a ring with pointed ends.
cycle   a period of time in which events repeat themselves in the
same order.
Earth   the third planet from the Sun.
clipse, lunar   the passing of the Moon into the Earth?s shadow.
eclipse, solar   the passing of the Moon?s shadow across the Earth.
planet   the main bodies in space that revolve around the Sun.
fireball   a very bright meteor.
galaxy   a group of stars, gas and dust.
Galileo   a famous Italian astronomer (1564-1642) who was the first person to use a telescope to look at the sky.
gas   a state of matter
gibbous   a phase of the Moon in which more than half of the side we see is illuminated.
half moon   the first-quarter or third-quarter phase, when half the visible side of the Moon is illuminated.
helium   a gas that's lighter-than-air.
hydrogen   a gas.
lunar   having to do with the Moon .
lunar eclipse   occurs when the Earth passes between the Sun and the Moon.
maria   smooth places on the Moon?s surface; seas.
meteor   a streak of light in the sky caused by a chunk of rock burning up in Earth's air.
meteorite   a meteoroid that lands on a planet or a satellite.
meteoroids   chunks of iron, nickel, and other materials that move through space.
meteor shower   the appearance of many meteors during a short period of time as the Earth passes through a comet's orbit,
orbit   the path of one object in space around another object
penumbra   the larger shadow cast by the Moon during a solar eclipse.
phase   the shape the Moon appears to be as seen from Earth.
photosphere   the surface of the Sun.
planets   the main bodies in the solar system that revolve around the Sun.
revolution   the movement of one object around another.
rotation   the spinning of an object.
satellite   a smaller object that revolves around a larger object.
shadow bands   light and dark bands that appear to sweep across the ground before and after a total solar eclipse.
shooting stars   meteors
solar eclipse   occurs when the Moon passes between the Earth and the Sun.
solar flares   bright areas in the Sun's atmosphere from which hot gases shoot out.
solar prominences   light from the cooler, darker areas of the Sun.
solar system   the nine planets, their moons, and the Sun.
sunspots   dark spots on the Sun.
telescope   an instrument that makes distant objects appear closer and larger.
umbra   the darker, smaller shadow cast by the Moon during a total solar eclipse.
     
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